Search the Bay Journal site: This is the Dust Storm Country. It is the saddest land I have ever seen.
Geographic characteristics and early history A dust storm approaches Stratford, Texasin The Dust Bowl area lies principally west of the th meridian on the High Plainscharacterized by plains which vary from rolling in the north to flat in the Llano Estacado. The region is also prone to extended drought, alternating with unusual wetness of equivalent duration.
The region is also subject to high winds. The lack of surface water and timber made the region less attractive than other areas for pioneer settlement and agriculture.
With the end of the Civil War in and the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad inwaves Dust bowl journal new migrants and immigrants reached the Great Plains, and they greatly increased the acreage under cultivation.
Waves of European settlers arrived in the plains at the beginning of the 20th century. A return of unusually wet weather seemingly confirmed a previously held opinion that the "formerly" semiarid area could support large-scale agriculture.
At the same time, technological improvements such as mechanized plowing and mechanized harvesting made it possible to operate larger properties without increasing labor costs. The combined effects of the disruption of the Russian Revolutionwhich decreased the supply of wheat and other commodity crops, and World War I increased agricultural prices; this demand encouraged farmers to dramatically increase cultivation.
For example, in the Llano Estacado of eastern New Mexico and northwestern Texasthe area of farmland was doubled between andthen tripled again between and Furthermore, cotton farmers left fields bare during winter months, when winds in the High Plains are highest, and burned the stubble as a means to control weeds prior to planting, thereby depriving the soil of organic nutrients and surface vegetation.
After fairly favourable climatic conditions in the s with good rainfall and relatively moderate winters,  which permitted increased settlement and cultivation in the Great Plains, the region entered an unusually dry era in the summer of The drought dried the topsoil and over time it became friable, reduced to a powdery consistency in some places.
Without the indigenous grasses in place, the high winds that occur on the plains picked up the topsoil and created the massive dust storms that marked the Dust Bowl period. The fine soil of the Great Plains was easily eroded and carried east by strong continental winds.
On November 11,a very strong dust storm stripped topsoil from desiccated South Dakota farmlands in just one of a series of severe dust storms that year. Beginning on May 9,a strong, two-day dust storm removed massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil in one of the worst such storms of the Dust Bowl.
On April 14,known as " Black Sunday ", 20 of the worst "black blizzards" occurred across the entire sweep of the Great Plains, from Canada south to Texas. The dust storms caused extensive damage and turned the day to night; witnesses reported that they could not see five feet in front of them at certain points.
Denver-based Associated Press reporter Robert E.
Geiger happened to be in Boise City, Oklahoma that day. Ever since Friday of last week, there hasn't been a day pass but what the county was beseieged [sic] with a blast of wind and dirt.
On rare occasions when the wind did subside for a period of hours, the air has been so filled with dust that the town appeared to be overhung by a fog cloud. Because of this long seige of dust and every building being filled with it, the air has become stifling to breathe and many people have developed sore throats and dust colds as a result.Letters From the Dust Bowl.
When drought struck Oklahoma in the s, the author and her husband stayed behind to protect their year-old farm. Her letters to a friend paint a picture of dire.
*Starred Review* Concise and clear in imagery, text, and layout, Brown’s (Henry and the Cannons, ) nonfiction examination of the Dust Bowl contextualizes its genesis in geological and cultural history, the dynamics of its climatological presentation, and the effects on both the landscape and Depression-era High Plains farmers.
Dust Bowl Girls: The Inspiring Story of the Team That Barnstormed Its Way to Basketball Glory - Kindle edition by Lydia Reeder.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Dust Bowl Girls: The Inspiring Story of the Team That Barnstormed Its Way to Basketball .
"If you would like to have your heart broken, just come out here.
This is the Dust Storm Country. It is the saddest land I have ever seen." — War correspondent Ernie Pyle, in Ken Burns' new documentary, "The Dust Bowl" In the early s, European and U.S.
settlers flocked to the Southern Great. The Dust Bowl exodus was the largest migration in American history within a short period of time.
Between and , approximately million people moved out of the Plains states; of those, it is unknown how many moved to California.
In just over a year, over 86, people migrated to California. Oklahoma, Bettmann/CORBIS. 4. Proposed solutions were truly out-of-the-box. There were few things desperate Dust Bowl residents didn’t try to make it rain.