Business schools, they state, often teach ethical and moral issues as problems to be solved. They believe that when organizational rules are applied in solving quandary problems they are seldom sufficient, because they do little to enhance moral character. The solution, according to Mitchell and Scott, is to go beyond quandary ethics by educating through moral discourse. Ethics courses must attempt to heighten moral character.
Entrapment Police Brutality The term police brutality refers to the use of unnecessary, or excessive force by police officers when handling civilians. Examples of police brutality can include the use of pepper spray, nerve gas, or batons, though it does not have to be physical abuse or attack.
This behavior can extend to such actions as pulling a gun on someone in order to intimidate him, or falsely arresting someone. To explore this concept, consider the following police brutality definition.
Definition of Police Brutality The use of excessive and unnecessary force by a police officer toward a civilian. The use of such tools as pepper spray, batons, and tasers, as well as hitting, choking, throwing a non-combatant civilian to the ground, and sexual abuse are all examples of police brutality that is physical in nature.
While it may sound like police brutality is strictly physical, this is not the case. Examples of police brutality that are not physical in nature include false arrests, verbal abuseand racial profiling.
While many countries have laws on the books that address the issue of police brutality, and while it is considered a serious offense, many complaints made by civilians do not even reach the investigation stage.
Research suggests that, because police are permitted to use physical force when necessary, it is often difficult to prove that excessive force was used in a particular situation. Verbal abuse is never permitted legally, or by policy, but once again, this is a difficult thing to prove in many cases.
Civilians have been using their mobile devices to record interactions with police in order to stream instances of what they believe are police brutality online, alerting the public that this kind of behavior is occurring. Similarly, though, police officers have begun recording their interactions with civilians in order to protect themselves from false claims of police brutality.
That said, there are no two situations that are alike. Police officers must be able to swiftly decide on a course of action in the moment, and often when they feel their safety, or even their lives, are at stake. Force is allowed to a certain extent in all jurisdictions when police are trying to secure an arrest, but there is a fine line separating the justified use of force from that of excessive force.
Once a police officer crosses that line, his behavior is considered assault, and he can be held criminally liable for his actions. Levels of Force Used by Police Police officers must exert control over people in a wide variety of situations, whether to gain control of a potentially dangerous situation, to protect themselves or other civilians, or to make an arrest.
There are many factors that influence the level of force that may be required, and justified, in any given case. According to the National Institute of Justicethere are levels of force that may be used by police on a continuum: Verbal restraint — instructing an individual on where to stand or sit, or telling him to stay put, or telling him that he is under arrest.
Less-lethal force — the use of a weapon that is unlikely to cause death, such as pepper spray, and tasers. Lethal force — the use of physical force that is likely to cause the death of the individual, such as shooting the individual. How to File a Complaint against a Police Officer It may be intimidating for someone to file a complaint against a police officer, especially in light of the fact that many of those complaints have historically gone uninvestigated.
However, there are complaints that are looked into further, and for that reason, a civilian with a valid police brutality issue should definitely file a complaint against a police officer.
The first step in this process is to visit the website of the police department where that particular officer is based, because each jurisdiction has its own process for filing a complaint.
For instance, one cannot file a complaint against a county sheriff at the city police department. The website should direct the individual to the specific forms that need to be filled out, and give instructions on how to submit them.
Some websites actually post the number to a hotline that is specifically set up for complaints of police brutality and misconduct. It may also be possible to make a complaint in person, depending on the department, though some people find that intimidating.
Those with complaints are advised to act immediately after the incident in question because some jurisdictions actually set time limits on when a complaint should be filed. If the deadline is missed, then the chance to file a complaint may be lost forever.
The deadlines for filing criminal charges, or filing a civil lawsuitagainst the officer accused of such acts is specified in the laws of the individual jurisdiction. Once the complaint has been filed, a department known as Internal Affairs will investigate it. Internal Affairs is a division specifically established within law enforcement agencies to investigate complaints made against law enforcement officials.
An officer can generally only be disciplined or fired for his behavior if a complaint has been filed against him, and even if he is not disciplined or terminated, the complaint typically remains on his permanent record. Officers who receive several complaints may be investigated by the department, even if the complaints were not considered strong enough to investigate in the beginning.
For this reason, it is recommended that citizens file complaints as necessary, even if they do not see an immediate result, the complaints may stack up against the officer to the point where his previously undetected behavior comes to light.
Those who are unsatisfied with the results of an Internal Affairs investigation can choose to either file a criminal complaint against the officer, or sue him in civil court. Police Brutality Statistics Examples of police brutality have been coming to light at a terrifying rate, mostly due to the increase in the number of civilians who carry mobile devices capable of recording video and audio.Police Misconduct and Corruption - Within our police system in America, there are gaps and loopholes that give leeway to police officials who either abuse the authority given to them or do not represent the ethical standards that .
Since the mids, the United States has pursued aggressive law enforcement strategies to curtail the use and distribution of illegal drugs. The costs and benefits of this national "war on drugs.
INTRODUCTION A number of questions are often asked about things the police do which cannot be answered by examining any formal description of the police job.  Questions such as: "Why do policemen sometimes not enforce the law when it is being broken?"; "Why do policemen sometimes react to demeanor and other legally irrelevant aspects .
[Rev. 6/2/ PM] CHAPTER - CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON. HOMICIDE. NRS “Murder” defined.. NRS Malice: Express and implied defined.. NRS Degrees of murder; penalties..
NRS Circumstances aggravating first degree murder. The Texarkana Gazette is the premier source for local news and sports in Texarkana and the surrounding Arklatex areas. Black Rage in New Orleans: Police Brutality and African American Activism from World War II to Hurricane Katrina [Leonard N.
Moore] on monstermanfilm.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In Black Rage in New Orleans, Leonard N. Moore traces the shocking history of police corruption in the Crescent City from World War II to Hurricane Katrina .